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Most Recent Articles and Press Release Submissions:

  • No Photo Molecular Markers in Crop Improvement    By: Dr. Sundeep Kumar

    Molecular markers have found large scale applications in crop improvement programs, because of several advantages over morphological and biochemical markers. Molecular markers are environmentally neutral, highly abundant, and independent of tissue and stage of the plants. Traditionally, breeders have relied on visible traits to select improved varieties however; MAS rely on identifying marker DNA sequences that are inherited alongside a desired trait during the first few generations. Molecular markers are also considered as useful tools for pyramiding of different resistance genes and developing multi-line cultivars targeting for durable resistance to the disease. >> Category: Genetics
  • No Photo Inbreeding Depression in Plant Breeding    By: Jadhav Shrinivas Shripati

    Introduction about Inbreeding Depression, Effect and Degrees of inbreeding depression. Inbreeding is matting between individuals related by descent or ancestry. When the individuals are closely related. e.g. In brother-sister mating or sib mating, the degree of inbreeding is high. >> Category: Genetics
  • No Photo Frost Injury and Role of Ice Nucleating Bacteria    By: Madhubala Thakre

    Frost injury is due to intercellular or intracellular ice formation. Ice nucleating bacteria are those bacteria which catalyzes ice formation even at warmer temperature. Thus, their presence increases the chances of frost injury. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Breeding Methods for Asexually Propagated Crops and Clonal Selection Apomixes    By: Jadhav Shrinivas Shripati

    Multiplication of plants without the fusion of male and female gametes is known asexual reproduction. Multiplication of plants by vegetative parts through artificial method is known as artificial vegetative reproduction. >> Category: Biology
  • No Photo Plant Breeding Scope, Objectives and History    By: Jadhav Shrinivas Shripati

    Plant breeding can be defined as an art, a science, and technology of improving the genetic makeup of plants in relation to their economic use for the mankind. >> Category: Biology
  • No Photo Plant Introduction and it's Importance for Crop Improvement    By: Jadhav Shrinivas Shripati

    Introduction about Plant Introduction, Its type, Objective of Plant Introduction, Activities of NBPGR, Procedure of Plant Introduction, its Acclimatization, Purpose of Plant Introduction, Merits and Demerits and Achievements. >> Category: Genetics
  • No Photo DNA Polymerases: Types, Roles and Significance in Biotechnology    By: ILA RUCHIE

    DNA molecules are the troves of genetic information of an organism. DNA is the basis of life and is transferred from parent to offspring's. The DNA content of the parent is doubled by means of replication mechanism aided by a specific enzyme, DNA polymerases. DNA polymerase plays a central role in process of life and carries a weighty responsibility of making an accurate copy of the cell's genome. >> Category: DNA
  • No Photo Value Added Benefits of Bio-Char in Agriculture    By: Sunita Gaind

    Bio-char makes the biomass a sustainable and value-added product for urban and rural agriculture while managing waste disposal effectively. Though, an expensive approach for small scale growers, its soil and environment benefits is well appreciated in poor and contaminated soils. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Seed Dormancy in Groundnut [PDF]    By: Chetan Desai

    The inability of certain seeds to germinate readily even when they are provided with all conditions required for germination is known as seed dormancy. A dormant seed is not a 'failure'. It may be due to conditions associated either with the seeds itself or with existing environmental factors such as temperature and moisture. In general, in groundnut, bunch types are non-dormant while spreading and semi spreading types are having a varied period of dormancy. The seeds show marked dormancy, ranging from 30 to 360 days. >> Category: Genetics
  • No Photo Effect of Agricultural Inputs on Bee Activity - Pesticide Poisoning    By: Rajendra Nagar

    Pesticides used on field crops for the control of pests have their own side effects, one of which is their toxicity to honey bees. Honeybees are susceptible to many pesticides, especially insecticides. Each year honeybee colonies are damaged or destroyed by pesticides, primarily insecticides. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Varietal Wealth of Papaya in India    By: Dr. Jai Prakash

    Papaya is very important fruit crop in tropical and subtropical region of India. The large numbers of papaya varieties are dioecious and yellow in pulp colour. The new introduced hybrids from foreign countries have changed the face of papaya Industry in India. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Iron Siderophores - Types and Representative Microorganisms    By: Sumit Kumar Dubey

    Iron most often is present in two oxidation states namely ferric (Fe3+) and ferrous (Fe2+). Ferrous is soluble (biologically available) form of iron for biotic community whereas ferric is present as insoluble (biologically not available) oxide and hydroxide form of iron. Microorganisms release siderophores to scavenge iron from these oxide and hydroxide (mineral phases) by formation of soluble ferric ion complexes that can be taken up by biotic community via active transport mechanisms as a micronutrient. >> Category: Biology
  • No Photo Varietal Wealth of Pineapple in India    By: Dr. Jai Prakash

    Pineapple is an important fruit crop in several states of India. However, limited number of commercial varieties is also affecting the productivity and profitability of farms. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Physiological Disorders of Summer Vegetables    By: Dr. Swati Saha

    There are some disorders in summer vegetable crops where there is no pathogen involved and they are more or less due to the unfavourable environmental conditions like nutrition, water, light, soil etc. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Physiological Disorders of Winter Vegetables    By: Dr. Swati Saha

    There are some disorders in winter vegetable crops where there is no pathogen involved and they are more or less due to the unfavourable environmental conditions like nutrition, water, light, soil etc. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Characterization of Plant Pathogens Through PCR    By: Dr. Smita Puri

    Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) is an extremely helpful technique in the identification and characterization of plant pathogens. It is based on three steps i.e. denaturation, annealing and extension. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Performance of Crop Insurance in Rainfed Regions- The case of Maharashtra    By: Suresh A

    Crop insurance is considered as an effective risk transfer mechanism. In India, crop insurance has a long history in its various forms. However, the penetration of the crop insurance schemes is low, and therefore, its effectiveness in protecting the farmers during stress is limited. This issue is serious in case of rainfed farming systems, which are prone to large extent of risk and uncertainty. In this article, an attempt is made to analyze the performance of various crops insurance schemes for Maharashtra, one of the regions reported to be having large extent of farm distress. The study reveals that the coverage of crop insurance in terms of number of farmers and crops covered is limited, with respect to National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (NAIS), modified NAIS and Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme (WBCIS). The paper calls for accelerated efforts to enhance the effectiveness of the crop insurance. >> Category: Others
  • No Photo Overview of Hydrogenase Enzyme    By: Sumit Kumar Dubey

    Hydrogenase (EC- is enzymes that belongs to oxidoreductase family and actively participate in catalysis of reversible reduction of proton to hydrogen molecule. This enzyme possesses keen scope towards the biological hydrogen production. >> Category: Applications
  • No Photo IPR Issues in Agri Biotechnology    By: Harsh Vardhan Singh Shekhawat

    Research and development in agri biotechnology is extremely time consuming and requires huge investment, granting Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) is an effective tool to protect biotechnology inventions. This allow the inventor to restrict the use of the intellectual property i.e. no one is allowed to use manufacture, grow, sell or offer to sell the invention without permission. Several forms of this protection exist and they include copyrights, trade secrets, trademarks, plant breeder's rights and patents. IPR play a pivotal role between the donor and recipient while transferring of agri-biotech information. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Epicotyl Grafting: A useful techniques of Mango Propagation    By: Dr. Jai Prakash

    Elite plant materials are the base of successful fruit production. The targets of the enhancing Mango production in the coming years will be achieved only through production and distribution of healthy, genuine and quality planting material of commercial/improved varieties of Mango. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Protein Crystallization Can Benefit from Microgravity Condition    By: Ada Brown

    Microgravity condition can helps to crystallize some proteins that are hard to be done in normal gravity environment, which is especially significant in making large crystals >> Category: Biotech Research
  • No Photo Biofortified Crops For Improved Human Nutrition    By: Harsh Vardhan Singh Shekhawat

    Great progress has been made over the past decade with respect to the application of biotechnology to generate nutritionally improved food crops. Biofortified staple crops such as rice, maize, wheat and pearl millet harboring essential micronutrients to benefit the world's poor are either developed or are under development as well as new varieties of crops which have the ability to combat chronic disease. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Choke Throat of Bananas    By: Dr. Jai Prakash

    Banana is a globally important fruit crop including India it supports livelihood of millions of people. The growers of across the globe are experiencing the low productivity and profitability due to choke throat problem of banana. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Problem of Mites - Papaya Production in Polyhouse    By: Dr. Jai Prakash

    Papaya is very important fruit crop in tropical and subtropical region of India and Globe as well. The cultivation of papaya in polyhouse/nethouse has given the hope of virus free fruit production but simultaneously mite has been observed as major destructive pest. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Author Photo Arsenic Speciation Analysis using High Performance Liquid Chromatography-Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry    By: Dr. Suresh Kaushik

    Speciation is the analytical activity of identifying and/or measuring in a sample the quantity of one or more individual chemical species. Arsenic has different toxicological properties dependent upon both its oxidation state for inorganic compounds as well as the different toxicity levels exhibited for organic arsenic compounds. HPLC is the technique of choice in modern speciation analyses due to their resolution and the ease with which they are coupled to ICP-MS, allowing for on-line separation and detection. >> Category: Toxicology
  • Author Photo Somatic Embryogenesis: Technique for Plant Tissue Culture    By: Muhammad Iqbal

    Somatic embryogenesis is the most widely adopted system for plant regeneration, in vitro induction of mutation or in vitro screening of plants which may increase the probability of plant production and varietal developing program many folds. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • No Photo Acinetobacter sp. - An Acid-tolerant Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria from Lateritic Soils [PDF]    By: Dr. K.Surendra Gopal

    The rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soil samples were collected from various lateritic soils in Thrissur district of Kerala and phosphate solubilizing bacteria were isolated on Pikovskaya's agar medium. Under in vitro conditions, the bacterial isolate PMD-7 (Acinetobacter sp.) solubilized 207.2ug/ml of insoluble phosphorus. Its solubilization efficiency in Pikovskaya's agar medium was 247.62%. It grew in the pH range of 4.0 to 7.0 and tolerated upto pH 3.5. However, this new acid-tolerant PSB is the first report from Kerala, which could be a potential biofertilizer for acidic soils of Kerala >> Category: Environmental Biotechnology
  • Author Photo Arsenic Poisoning - Effects on Human Health    By: Dr. Suresh Kaushik

    This article describes the essential background and toxicity of arsenic in the environment. Arsenic has different toxicological properties dependent upon both its oxidation state for inorganic compounds as well as the different toxicity levels exhibited for organic arsenic compounds. Some currently used chromatographic and mass spectrometry applications as well as sample handling procedure necessary to detect and quantify arsenic in its various chemical forms >> Category: Healthcare
  • No Photo Host Genetic Factors: Relevance in Helicobacter Pylori Associated Gastric Carcinogenesis    By: ILA RUCHIE

    Helicobacter pylori colonizes the majority of persons worldwide, and the ensuing gastric inflammatory response is the strongest singular risk factor for peptic ulceration and gastric cancer. However, only a fraction of colonized individuals ever develop clinically significant outcomes. Disease risk is combinatorial and can be modified by bacterial factors, host responses, and/or specific interactions between host and microbe. >> Category: Genetics
  • No Photo Trichoderm - A Potential Bio-control Agent    By: Neelam Geat

    Trichoderma is a good model of biocontrol agent as it is easy to isolate and culture, multiply rapidly on many substrates, act as mycoparasite, strong opportunistic invaders, avirulent plant symbionts, competes for food and site with pathogens, prolific producers of spores, powerful antibiotics, antifungal compounds, secondary metabolites as well as enzymes. These properties make them ecologically very successful. >> Category: Agriculture

Congratulations to all our authors: Readership levels all time high now
RECENT COMMENTS: (Approved comments only)

Article: Beneficial and Harmful Bacteria - Comment by: Sarha - 2016-02-07

AIDS is caused by a viral infection not a bacterial one***

Article: Plant Bioreactors Types - Their Advantages and Disadvantages - Comment by: Eddie - 2016-02-03

I am currently experimenting wih cell tissue culture as a hobby and am looking to design a high-end bioreactor. As a layman, I find it difficult to select an optimal design in order to supercharge growth quality of my plants. I have been looking into atomized aeroponic systems as I use them for my rooted plants. Is this the most efficient method for the creation of high quality plant clones? If so, should the atomized pressurized fog be direct or indirect?

Article: Microbial Production of Vitamin B12 - Comment by: Satish - 2016-02-01

Thank you for the summary. I have a query that what are the general methods to quantify B12 ??

Article: Benefits of Microorganisms to Humans - Comment by: engineer mohammed bilal adamu hong - 2016-01-27

the benefits of micro organism these are, banking,madicine,food, etc

Article: Plasmids: Types, Functions and Applications - Comment by: Gopala krishna - 2016-01-25

easy understanding....

Article: Colorful Bacteria - Comment by: Sonali Bhawsar - 2016-01-22

Thanks Dhananjay!

Article: Microbial Production of Vitamin B12 - Comment by: Sonali Bhawsar - 2016-01-22

Dr. Dash,
I will discuss with my collegues working in product development section of chemistry and let you know. thanks.

Article: Space Farming: A Step Towards Establishing the Space World - Comment by: RANJANA BHARTI - 2016-01-22


Article: Biotechnology in the Poultry Breeding and Farming - Comment by: akhilesh - 2016-01-21

it was quite helpful although i did not quite understand the information given about the breeding lines and generations part.

Article: DNA Polymerases: Types, Roles and Significance in Biotechnology - Comment by: ila - 2016-01-19

There has been a mistake in publishing some symbols..please note..After pol alpha, the next is pol to delta is pol epsilon..

Thanks & regards

Article: Strategies to Minimize Impact of Climate Change on Fruit Production - Comment by: Hafiz Muhammad Usman Qamar - 2016-01-12

A.A ! i would like to say special thanx to author......
it is very useful and very beneficial and helped me to know about the fruit circumstances under climate changes ...
keep it up......


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