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Most Recent Articles and Press Release Submissions:

  • No Photo Edible Vaccines: For Pharmaceutical Products    By: Kumatkar Raghunath Bhimrao

    Vaccines that one can eat, called edible vaccines are among the most unusual approaches for administering new vaccines. >> Category: Genetics
  • No Photo Biotechnological Significance of Biodegradation of Bioplastics    By: Subhasree Ray

    Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are biodegradable polymers produced by microbes, where they act as food reserves. Diverse bacteria and fungi produce the enzyme depolymerase to metabolize the PHA. The bio-products generated by PHA depolymerase have important significances, such as biofuels, fuel additives, probiotics, and in pharmaceutical industry, etc. >> Category: Environmental Biotechnology
  • No Photo Fungal Disease of Tomato and Its Management    By: Jitendra E Wayde

    Tomatoes crop and yield is suffered every year due to number of fungal diseases. Important fungal diseases limiting tomato production. Diseases caused by fungus is develop through soil-borne, above-ground infections and in some instances are transmitted through pest and insect feeding. Conventional breeding and the molecular biological approaches to understand the biology of host-pathogen interaction so that the disease can be managed and crop loss prevented. >> Category: Biology
  • No Photo Significance of Mutation in Plant Breeding and its role in Evolution    By: Jitendra E Wayde

    Mutation is defined as sudden and extreme heritable change in gene which is not perceptible or ascribable to segregation or recombination. Variation in the individuals either induced by environment or due to the hereditary change during genetic recombination. >> Category: Genetics
  • Author Photo Evaluation of Isolates of Trichoderma spp. for Antagonistic Fitness    By: Dr. Vinod Kumar

    Trichoderma is a free-living cosmopolitan fungal species interacting with roots, soil and foliar environments. They grow rapidly and have good rhizosphere competence with other microorganisms. They inhibit or degrade pectinases and other enzymes that are essential for phytopathogenic fungi. Trichoderma has gained maximum attention as biocontrol agent because of its effectiveness against large number of soil-borne phytopathogenic fungi, suppressive effects on some root nematodes without adversely affecting beneficial microbes like Rhizobium, activating host defense system and capable of promoting growth of certain crops. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Author Photo Indian Red Chilli Standards For Export    By: Mohan Paramkusam

    India is one of the major red chilli pepper exporting countries in the world. There are more than fifty chilli varieties grown in India, each of these varieties differs from each other in pungency and color. The pungency for the red peppers and the colour value for the paprikas are the most important parameters for export. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Quality Considerations in Food Crops    By: Ruchi V. Trivedi

    Plant based foods offer an array of nutrients essential for human nutrition and promote good health. Development of food crops with enhanced nutritional traits is a prime requirement which can be catered and achieved through combination of conventional and molecular breeding. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Application of Cis-Intragenesis in Crop Improvement    By: Ruchi V. Trivedi

    Cisgenesis and intragenesis are as safe as Plantbreding. Cisgenesis is a genetic modification of a recipient plant with a natural gene from a crossable - sexually compatible organism. Intragenesis is a genetic modification of a recipient organism that involves insertion of a reorganized, full or partial coding region of a gene frequently combined with a promoter and/or terminator from another gene of same species or a crossable species >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) - Another Protein Source for Humans    By: Dr. R. Mahendran

    Alfalfa is the most important 'high quality' forage crop because of its high protein, vitamins, energy and digestibility. Because of its importance among forage crops, alfalfa is referred to as "Queen of Forages". In Ayurveda, the ancient Indian medicinal practice, it is known to be an effective medicine for people who suffer from arthritis as well as digestive and gastro-intestinal diseases. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Foraging Behavior of Honey Bee and Floral Fidelity    By: Kailash Chandra Naga

    Floral constancy is an extensive behaviour in honeybees that is also found in other types of bees and insects, as well as in vertebrate nectivores. Given the variability in the seasonal and daily floral landscapes, it is fascinating why individual bees would show fidelity to any one species of flower. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Author Photo Quality Certification of Tissue Culture Raised Banana under NCS-TCP and its Significance    By: Dr. Shiv Kant Shukla

    This article highlights process involved for certification of tissue culture banana plants. This aims to create awareness among the tissue culture companies and progressive farmers for use of quality tissue culture plants of banana >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Crop Residue for Soil Cover: Constraints and Way Ahead    By: Deepmohan Mahala

    The practice of removal of crop residue in rainfed regions, and burning it in irrigated regions has resulted in degraded soil structure compared to when residue have been retained on them. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo R-Avr Genes Interactions and Plant Defense System    By: Ruchi V. Trivedi

    Host plant having Resistance gene and corresponding gene in the pathogen is Avirulence gene, their interaction play curcial role in plant defense system. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Author Photo Cisgenesis and its Application in Crop Improvement    By: Vivek K Singh

    Cisgenesis refers to genetic modification of crops/plants using one of the techniques of recombinant DNA technology, without involvement of any foreign DNA. >> Category: Genetics
  • No Photo Potential of Stenotrophomonas for Bioremediation of Recalcitrant Pollutants    By: Vipin Chandra Kalia

    Environmental pollution is caused by heavy use of highly recalcitrant organic compounds -insecticides and pesticides - Classified as priority pollutants by USEPA. Major causes of concern are: (i) Groundwater pollution, (ii) Toxic accumulation in food chain, (iii) Great ecological imbalance, (iv) Carcinogenic nature. Consequently poisoning leads to 2,00,000 deaths annually. Stentrophomonas has the potential for bioremediation of these recalcitrant pollutants. >> Category: Environmental Biotechnology
  • No Photo Bacillus - Industrial Work-Horse of the Microbial World    By: Vipin Chandra Kalia

    Bacillus is well recognized for its ability to produce a wide range of enzymes and bioactive molecules with numerous biotechnological applications. Recent research works on this Industrial Work-Horse of the Microbial World have elucidated a few of its novel and latent talents: (i) Biofuel generator, (ii) Biodegradable plastics producer, and (iii) as Antipathogens. >> Category: Environmental Biotechnology
  • No Photo Mirror Neurons - Reinventing Brain Plasticity    By: Nazish Mustafa

    Motor impairment and disabilities in patients are strongly needed to be overcome with proper neuro rehab approach based on scientific breakthroughs like mirror neurons. They are activated only by simple action observation which can rehabilitate and recover the motor deficits impaired individuals with smart neuro rehab planning by using mirror neuronal mechanism successfully. >> Category: Healthcare
  • No Photo Floral Value Added Products for Employment Generation    By: Dr. Ritu Jain

    Flowers provides opportunity to convert them into exquisite value added products directly from fresh flowers like garland, bouquet, flower arrangements or after drying the flowers making different dried flower products like pot pourri, wreath, painted gourds or after processing like rose water, gulkand, gulroban, perfumes, essential oil , insect repellants, cosmetics, etc. Besides this a number of pigments like xanthophylls, carotenoids, luteins, anthocyanins, etc. which have neutraceutical properties and pharmaceutical compounds are also prepared from the flowers. The value addition results in more acceptable quality products for the domestic and export market and hence ensures high premium to the producer. Moreover, value addition technology can help in avoiding wastage during the glut period and farmers involved in the flower cultivation can earn better remuneration. Preparation of value added products helps in employment generation at producer level, wholesaler level or at industrial level. It is a good source income generation by self employment. There are various types of value added products which can be prepared either by practice or by obtaining training of making these products. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Different Methods for Identification of Bacterial Plant Diseases    By: Dipti Raghunath Dhumale

    The article is informative and figures about different methods for detection of plant diseases. >> Category: Biotech Research
  • No Photo Role of Microrna in Plant Stress Response    By: Dr. J. Vanitha

    Plant growth and development are attenuated during stress but relatively little is known about how this is achieved at the molecular level. miRNAs recognize their mRNA targets based on imperfect sequence complementary and suppress expression of the target gene by guiding degradation and/or translational repression of the cognate mRNA target. In addition to discussing recent findings that have enhanced our understanding of the role of miRNAs during stress, this topic highlights the importance of miRNAs that have emerged as molecular links between modulation of plant growth and development. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Single Cell Protein Production and its Advantages and Disadvantages    By: Ajit Kumar Dubedi Anal

    The rapidly increasing world population generates the challenge of providing necessary food sources. single cell proteins derived from the waste organic products had been proved a very useful technology. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Bio-Pesticides and its Uses    By: Ajit Kumar Dubedi Anal

    Bio-pesticides are certain types of pesticides derived from such natural materials as animals, plants, bacteria, and certain minerals. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Interactions between Zinc and other Plant Nutrients    By: Deepmohan Mahala

    Zinc is active element in biochemical processes. It is soil factors which are responsible for low available zinc supply to crops. As Zinc has a chemical and biological interaction with other nutrient elements, which decide the fate of Zinc in soil. High soil phosphate levels are one of the most common causes of zinc deficiency in crops. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Thunderstorm Forecasting and Mitigation of the After-Effects    By: Brijesh Yadav

    Thunderstorms are an extreme weather event which may cause a lot of agricultural, livestock's and human health losses. SPC forecasters, NWS forecasters, NSSL researchers and other groups work together to develop and evaluate the best thunderstorm forecasting tools, including computer forecast models and new forecasting techniques >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo DNA Banking: A complementary approach for safe conservation of germplasm resources    By: Dr. Dhammaprakash P Wankhede

    DNA banking offers new opportunities which are expected to have positive impact on several aspects of gene bank such as conservation, characterization, and utilization of germplasm. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Silkworm - An Alternate Source of Protein    By: Dr. Ranjith M.

    The widely domesticated Silkworm from which silk we obtain is an rich source of protein and this topic deals with how silkworm larvae and pupae can effectively meet out the worlds protein requirement >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Role of Micronutrients in Animal health    By: Deepa Joshi

    Micronutrients or 'trace elements' has a very important role to play in sustaining better animal growth and development and thereby overall health. The supplementatation of optimum amount of micronutrients in animal diet leads to improved animal production however their deficiency leads to severe growth reduction and depress its production. Therefore micronutrients though they are required in trace amounts are equally important for them as they are for plant and human beings. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Author Photo Secondary Metabolites in Fruit Crops: Health Benefits    By: Sunil Kumar

    Plant-based foods, such as fruits and nuts contain significant amounts of bioactive phytochemicals, may provide desirable health benefits beyond basic nutrition to reduce the risk of chronic diseases. >> Category: Agriculture
  • Author Photo Recent Advances on Gene Transfer Methods in Fruit Crops    By: Sunil Kumar

    Agrobacterium-mediated transformation and microprojectile bombardment based transformation are standard laboratory techniques in plant labs. However in the recent past development of alternative marker free system technology and cisgenics are some other relevant advance in fruit species transformation. >> Category: Agriculture
  • No Photo Can Mycobacterium Tuberculosis be Starved to Death?    By: Vipin Chandra Kalia

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a pathogen, which causes tuberculosis resulting in millions of human deaths every year. Attempts to treat tuberculosis with increasing and persistent doses of antibiotics have proved counterproductive. The undue stress caused by heavy doses of antibiotics induced bacteria to evolve and become multi-drug resistant. Comparative genomic reveals a few novel drug targets to contain the disease. >> Category: Bioinformatics

Congratulations to all our authors: Readership levels all time high now
RECENT COMMENTS: (Approved comments only)

Article: Colorful Bacteria - Comment by: shrishti kushwaha - 2016-10-14

i am a fashion design final year student and i am working on my final project. I want to know how can i use color changing microorganims in my fabric so that it changes color under different conditions. Please its a request do help me, it would benefit me alot.

I loved your article!

Article: Toxic Fibers and Fabrics - Comment by: John - 2016-10-11

This information is incomplete. The carcinogenic effect of polyester and nylon in particular is under-emphasised- it's a significant health and environmental hazard, particularly given the mechanism of dispersal. The second issue is the significant aquatic (ocean) pollution caused by microfibres including rayon.

Synthetic and manmade fibres break down into microfibres and this passed straight through into the environment. It cannot be filtered. Fresh water recycled to drinking water and agriculture contains huge quantities of plastic and other such microfibre which is doubly carcinogenic and builds up in the food chain.

Rayon is by far the most heavy pollutant of microfibres in the ocean as unlike natural cotton it doesn't biodegrade in aquatic systems.

The only way to guarantee sustainability and ethics through clothing is to spin your own organic natural fibre- be it cotton, jute, hessian, flax etc. It's not only premium and the best quality, but it's evironmentally friendly.

If you chose to give yourself and others cancer and destroy the world- you are part of the problem and not the solution.

Article: Down Syndrome - The Most Common Congenital Anomaly - Comment by: Jake Wilson - 2016-10-10

Hi there,

Do you have any more sources about the correlation between incest & down syndrome?

It was once called Mongolism, and I can only assume that due to political correctness the term "Mongolism syndrome" it's considered racist these days. The next step is obviously to deny any correlation between incest & down syndrome (which seems a bit strange to me, especially as it's propagated so vehemently).

Thanks for a brief reply.


Jake Wilson

Article: DNA Markers - The Tools in Genetic Mapping - Comment by: Ekta - 2016-10-04

Good article, its really helpful. Thanks

Article: Somaclonal Variations - A Detailed Study - Comment by: sunil verma - 2016-10-01

Thank you sir ! This article really help me to understand the basic of somaclonal variation.

Article: How a Baby Develops Inside Mother's Womb: From an Embryo to a Child - Comment by: abdul k - 2016-09-27

Allah the quran 5 things which know one knows..
1)The judgement day.(qayamat Kab hogi)
2)Rain.(Barsaat Kab hogi)
3)Dead.(insaan Kab marenga)
4)Tomorrow.insaan kal kya karega.
5)Mother woman.(maa ke pet main ladka hai Ya ladki.

Article: Microbial Production of Vitamin B12 - Comment by: hamini - 2016-09-26

Good article. I was able to understand it clearly.

Article: Microbial Polyhydroxyalkanoate Co-polymers From Biowastes - Comment by: Ravi Kumar - 2016-09-22

Excellent area of research, specially bio-conversion of feed material to valuable bioproducts

Article: How a Baby Develops Inside Mother's Womb: From an Embryo to a Child - Comment by: Samuel Tan - 2016-09-21

Man is unable to explain how a fetus is form from a female egg and from a male sperm. Seems that man can only observe what had happened in the process of forming the fetus, (which your article explains, thank you) but not to explain how fetus formed in the womb. Who decides a cell is to become a back bone or part of an eye?

God already explained this here:
I praise you because I am fearfully and wonderfully made; your works are wonderful, I know that full well.My frame was not hidden from you when I was made in the secret place, when I was woven together in the depths of the earth. Psalm 139: 14-15 NIV.

Blessings to you...Samuel.

Article: Application of Genetic Engineering in Bioremediation: Deinococcus Radiodurans - Comment by: Ashwin Jayale - 2016-09-21

This is ashwin from ICRISAT
interested in stuff related toBioremidiation
please give me further detail about metal chealating.

Article: Colorful Bacteria - Comment by: archana limbore - 2016-09-20

Iam interested in pigmented bacteria and you gave very useful information.


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