Pre-Harvest Management for Total Quality Improvement in Fruit

Author: Swapnil Dnyaneshwar Deshmukh

India is endowed with different agro-climatic condition that offers immense scope for cultivation of various kinds of fruit crops. Fruits are the prim source of vitamins and minerals without which human body cannot maintain proper health and resistance to the diseases. Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has recommended the consumption of at least 92 grams of fruits per day and as much variety as the season permits (Anonymous, 2001a). On the contrary, the per capita consumption of fruits in India is only 46 grams per day. This indicates the wide gap between the use and requirement of fruits. Hence it is necessary to increase the productivity of fruit crops. The major fruit crops grown in India are mango, banana, citrus, grapes, guava, papaya, sapota, pomegranate, jack, ber, aonla etc. it is widely recognized that variations in mineral content greatly affects fruit quality at harvest and changes after harvest.
The present day requirement is for further enhancing the trade by offering quality fruits with appropriate application of pre-harvest treatments. Quality fruits have more demand and also fetch more price in the market. It helps in increasing the foreign exchange and also the economic condition of farmers.

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About Author / Additional Info:
Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Horticulture, Dr Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola